Geophila repens

Geophila repens (L.) I.M. Johnst.

Recent Synonyms: None relevant.

Status: Native; Endangered. Cultivated.

Growth Form or Habit: Creeping Herb.

Pearl’s Hill City Park; 2010.

Leaves: Opposite leaves. Lamina broadly ovate, with blunt or sub-acute apices and heart-shaped bases. The leaf blade is also glabrous and palmately-veined.

Fort Canning Park; 2010.

Flowers: Bisexual. Usually grow singly or in a cluster of up to three. Each flower has a white corolla that has six free lobes.

Pearl’s Hill City Park; 2010.

Fruits: Bright orange-red drupe crowned by the remains of the calyx at its tip. Suggested to be bird-dispersed because the brightly coloured fruits.

Habitat: Lowland forests. Under shade.

Occurence: Southern region of Singapore Island—near Peirce Road, Henderson Road, Makeway Avenue, in the cemeteries at Jalan Kubor and Outram Road, and in Pearl’s Hill City Park, Istana Park, and Fort Canning Park.

Distribution: Pantropical—America to Africa, Madagascar, Asia, and Micronesia.

Other Information:

Common Names: Pegaga ular (snake pennywort), pegaga tikus (rat pennywort).


Teo, S., B. R. Kurukulasuriya & H. T. W. Tan, 2010. The distribution and status in Singapore of the snake pennywort, Geophila repens (L.) I.M. Johnst. (Rubiaceae). Nature in Singapore, 3: 183–186.

More pictures can be found at

(1) Urban Forest website

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