Cissus quadrangularis L.
Recent Synonyms: Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex W. & Arn., Cissus edulis Dalz.
Status: Exotic; Cultivated only.
Growth Form or Habit: Herbaceous climber.
Leaves: Lamina ovate to trilobed, margin serrate, apex acute, base cordate to obtuse, 2.5–4 cm by 2–5 cm, glabrous, coriaceous, petiole 1.5–2 cm long.
Stem: Stem slightly quadrialate, glabrous to downy, constricted at nodes, tendril simple, leaf-opposed, characteristic of all members of the family.
Flowers: In a umbellate cyme without tendril, leaf-opposed, peduncle 1–2.5 cm long, hirsute. Flower petals cream abaxially, red adaxially, disc cream.
Fruits: Berry globose, 6–10 mm across, ripening red, acidic, with 1 seed per fruit; seed 4–8 mm.
Habitat: Escaped reportedly colonizing the seaside in Java (Backer and Bakhuizen 1965).
Distribution: East Africa, Arabia, India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan.
(1) Backer, C.A., and Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. 1965. Vitaceae. Flora of Java 2: 86–94.
(2) Nazimuddin, S., and Qaiser, M. 1982. Vitaceae. Flora of Pakistan 147: 1–20.
(3) Latiff, A. 1981. Studies in Malesian Vitaceae, 6. The Malay Peninsula species of Cissus L. Malayan Nature Journal 35: 197–207.
(4) Yeo, C.K. 2001. The Vitaceae and Leeaceae of Singapore. Honours Thesis, National University of Singapore. 96 pp.