Cissus hastata

Cissus hastata Miq.

Recent Synonyms: Vitis hastata Miq.

Status: Crytogenic.

Growth Form or Habit: Herbaceous climber.

Habit
Khatib Bongsu; Secondary forest edge; 2010.

Leaves
Punggol; Secondary forest edge; 2010.

Leaves: Lamina ovate to lacelolate, margin serrate, apex acuminate, base auriculate, cordate to hastate, 2–15.5 cm by 1.5–8 cm, glabrous, coriaceous, often red along margin and lamina lower surface, petiole 1.5–3.2 cm long.

Stem: Stem quadrialate, wings often red, up to 1 cm across, glabrous when young, glaucous to corky with age, tendril 2-furcate, red, leaf-opposed, characteristic of all members of the family.

Flowers: In a umbellate cyme without tendril, 1–2.5 cm across, leaf-opposed, peduncle 1.5–2 cm long. Flower ca. 5 mm across, petals cream adaxially, red abaxially.

Flower buds
Punggol; Secondary forest edge; 2010.

Fruit
Khatib Bongsu; Secondary forest edge; 2010.

Fruits: Berry globose, ca. 5 mm across, ripening red to black, with 1 seed per fruit; seed ca. 4 mm by 3 mm.

Habitat: Secondary forest fringe, inbaited area and wasteland.

Occurrence: Widespread as a weed, uncommon in better qulaity forest.

Distribution: India, Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Malesia.

References:

(1) Latiff, A. 1981. Studies in Malesian Vitaceae, 6. The Malay Peninsula species of Cissus L. Malayan Nature Journal 35: 197–207.

(2) Yeo, C.K. 2001. The Vitaceae and Leeaceae of Singapore. Honours Thesis, National University of Singapore. 96 pp.

More pictures can be found at

(1) The Plant Observatory website

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