Cissus repens Lam.
Recent Synonyms: Vitis repens W. & Arn.
Status: Native; Critically endangered. Cultivated.
Growth Form or Habit: Woody climber.
Leaves: Lamina broad ovate, margin serrate, apex acuminate, base cordate, 3.5–8.5 cm by 2.5–8 cm, glabrous, chartaceous to coriaceous, petiole 5–8 cm long.
Stem: Stem glabrous, sometimes glaucous to corky with age, swollen and brittle at nodes, often rooting adventitiously, up to ca. 3 cm across, tendril simple, rarely branched in the form of reduced inflorescence, leaf-opposed, characteristic of all members of the family.
Flowers: In a umbellate cyme without tendril, leaf-opposed, peduncle ca. 0.8 cm long.
Fruits: Berry globose, ca. 5 mm by 6 mm, ripening black, with 1 seed per fruit; seed ca. 4 mm across.
Habitat: Lowland dipterocarp and swamp forests fringe.
Occurrence: Pulau Ubin, Orchard Boulevard.
Distribution: India, Myanmar, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Malesia.
(1) Latiff, A. 1981. Studies in Malesian Vitaceae, 6. The Malay Peninsula species of Cissus L. Malayan Nature Journal 35: 197–207.
(2) Yeo, C.K. 2001. The Vitaceae and Leeaceae of Singapore. Honours Thesis, National University of Singapore. 96 pp.