Schizaea dichotoma (L.) Sm.
Recent Synonyms: None relevant.
Status: Native; Endangered.
Central Catchment Nature Reserve; 2010.
Growth Form or Habit: Terrestrial herb less than 1m in height.
Leaves: Sterile fronds are 7-20cm long and wide. Dichotomously branching occurs 2-8 times. Sorophores grows at the ends of the branching, each having 5-10 pairs of lobes.
Stem: Rhizomes creeping and deep in the ground. It is also coated densely with shiny brown hairs.
Fruits: “Sporangia in two rows mixed with conspicuous long brown hairs. Spores with minutely granular or smooth surface.”
Habitat: “Grows in moderate shade in lowland to lower montane forest to 1000m altitude (occasionally to 2500m) or in sandy beach areas”.
Occurrence: Parts of Pulau Ubin, Seletar Reservoir and Central Catchment Nature Reserve. Previously collected at Jurong Road, Kranji, Pulau Senang and Tuas.
Distribution: “Madagascar to South India and Sri Lanka, to Myanmar, Indo-China and Japan (Ryukyu Islands), throughout Malesia (except Lesser Sunda Islands) to Australia, New Zealand and Polynesia.”
References: SRDB, FMP Series I.
More pictures can be found at
(1) The Plant Observatory website